École doctorale : TESC
Équipe de recherche : UMR LEREPS
Direction : Marie Dervillé (ENSFEA) & Rajeswari Raina (School of Humanities and Social Sciences – SHSS, Inde)
Financement : Projet Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR) TransIndianDairy
Titre : Organizational and institutional innovations in agroecological transitions of Indian dairy systems.
Résumé : The Green Revolution has enabled India to ensure its food security but has led to environmental and social problems. To respond to these issues, agro-ecological transitions, towards organic or natural agriculture, are put on the political agenda of the states and the Indian Union. By studying the governance of these transitions, the thesis questions the technical, organizational and institutional lock-in and the drivers of change. It also questions and compares the inclusiveness of organic, natural and conventional food systems. In other words, what forms of collective action (public policies and community governance at different level) can be taken to enhance a diversity of agro-ecosystems and food crops and guarantee a future for small-scale family farmers without giving up the advantages of industrial innovations, such as standardization, pooling of resources and economies of scale? Given its ambivalent role, both as a source of greenhouse gases and as a lever for carbon sequestration, the role of livestock in agro-ecological transitions is particularly studied.
Mots-clés : Agroecological transitions ; India ; Dairy systems ; governance ; collective action.